The rate of regular or graded ascent or descent in a road; grade.
A part of a road which slopes upward or downward; a portion of a way not level; a grade.
The rate of increase or decrease of a variable magnitude, or the curve which represents it; as, a thermometric gradient.
(Chem., Biochem.) The variation of the concentration of a chemical substance in solution through some linear path; also called concentration gradient; usually measured in concentration units per unit distance. Concentration gradients are created naturally, e.g. by the diffusion of a substance from a point of high concentration toward regions of lower concentration within a body of liquid; in laboratory techniques they may be made artificially. gradient maker (Biochem.) a device which creates a concentration gradient in a solution within some apparatus; used, e. g., for separation of biochemical substances.